Why does the Audi logo have four rings?
“A good logo is one that can be scratched in the sand with your big toe.” Those are the words of the famous graphic designer and typographer Kurt Weidemann (1922–2011). Straightforward and simple, but still memorable and ingenious — based on his words, that could well have been the instructions given to the designers nearly 90 years ago. That’s when, in 1932, the four companies Audi, DKW, Horch and Wanderer joined together to form Auto Union AG, which would later become AUDI AG. And the company needed a new logo. The four interlocking rings were born.
Four become one: the history of the four rings
Let’s go all the way back to the beginning: the history of the Audi brand already began in the 19th century with
August Horch. In 1899, the mechanical engineer founded his own business: August Horch & Cie. He initially built two-cylinder and, later, four-cylinder cars. In 1909, after a difference of opinions with the board of directors, he left the company.
Consequently, Horch founded a new car company in the same year. Since the name Horch was already taken, and he was prohibited from using it, he translated his family name into Latin: “Audi”. In 1910, the new brand’s first car entered the market. Audi garnered attention with its three consecutive victories at the International Austrian Alpine Rally between 1912 and 1914 — one of the most challenging rallies of its time.
The company Wanderer originated as a bicycle repair shop. Later on, they started building bicycles, then motorcycles. In 1913, the company produced its first small car, which was known as “Puppchen” — roughly translated as “moppet” in English.
The fourth company was DKW, one of the largest motorcycle manufacturers of its time. The Danish founder, Jörgen Skafte Rasmussen, began experimenting with a steam-powered automobile (Dampfkraftwagen - DKW) in 1916. His attempts were fruitless, however, and Rasmussen began developing two-stroke engines. A few years later, DKW was one of the most important motorcycle manufacturers of the pre-war years. DKW started building automobiles in 1928.
The global recession forms ties that bind: the Audi logo is created
Due to the global recession in 1929, demand plummeted. The four car companies, who had been successful up until that point, ran into financial difficulties. The solution was the union of the four brands, which was initiated by the state bank of Saxony. The Auto Union AG was born — the second-largest car manufacturer in Germany, according to the number of vehicles produced. And from Auto Union AG, the predecessor of today’s AUDI AG came into existence.
How has the Audi logo changed over the years?
When the Auto Union was formed, the four rings appeared as a symbol for the first time. Later, the brand name Audi took center stage: first in brown, then in red. Starting in 1978, a black oval with white lettering characterized the brand identity. Since 1985, the company and its product have once again shared the same name: Audi. In the 90s, the Ingolstadt company once again concentrated on the rings, this time with a three-dimensional look.
And recently, the designers have had a new challenge: the logo needs to look good not only on paper, but online as well. So the trend is towards simplicity. That’s why, in 2016, the four rings became two-dimensional.
A logo should be memorable and easily recognizable. And Audi has achieved that with the most famous rings in the world — aside from the Olympic rings (designed in 1913) of course. And, as a side note, any child really could draw them in the sand — either two or three-dimensionally.